This is how Gramex works
See our info kit on how a recorded song is converted to payments made to performers and producers.
From studio to bank account
It all starts in front of the mic, in the studio or at the mixing desk.
Anyone that performs on a phonogram or has commercially produced one can join Gramex as a client.
When a phonogram has been recorded, the producer is required to submit a phonogram report to Gramex.
Next, the song goes out to the world, including Gramex’s customers, such as radio stations and TV programmes, or cafés where it is used as background music. Gramex collects usage reports from its customers and charges them according to agreement.
Finally, Gramex processes the song play metrics and pays out remunerations for the performers and producers four times a year. You can see the exact remuneration amounts and song usage numbers in the MyGramex portal.
What is a phonogram?
Why do I need to submit a phonogram report?
Collection of remunerations
Gramex remunerations are collected for the public use of a phonogram, for instance, on the radio, in television, in a public event or at customer or work facilities. They are also paid when the recording is copied for non-private use.
In addition to the above, music performers are entitled to remunerations when a phonogram recorded in Finland or a commercially published music video shot in Finland or another EEA country is played in a public space, on television or online.
Remunerations from abroad
We collect and distribute remunerations for you from over different 30 countries around the world. Remunerations to Finland and to Gramex are based on distribution agreements Gramex has in place with foreign copyright societies. We work hard to expand our network of agreements. We are also at the forefront of developing international data transfer formats and technology. This means that we are able to collect international income for your music in an increasing fashion.
Processing of remunerations
Remunerations accumulated for one phonogram are calculated, divided and paid out in accordance with Gramex’s rules of distribution.
The main rules are as follows:
- The producer is allocated 50% of the remunerations
- The band is allocated the other 50%.
- within the band, the division is based on the phonogram report: remunerations are divided relative to each performer’s number of performances (recorded ‘tracks’) on the phonogram.
What are unidentified track plays / phonograms?
Payment of remunerations
We currently distribute four times a year.
The current minimum distributable amount is 5 euros. If the remunerations for a year do not reach the minimum, annual remunerations are accumulated for a maximum period of three years.
Gramex charges no entry or membership fees. An administrative withhold is levied against the remunerations paid to cover the costs of administration and collection of remunerations.